Category:Anti-Partisan Warfare

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Anti-Partisan Warfare

Partisan Warfare

Russian partisan groups Comprised of more than one million individuals, the Soviets had the largest number of partisans in Europe. Many units were located in the dense forests of Eastern Europe.

Russian partisans Soviet soldiers separated from the Red army, escaped Soviet POWs and Communist party officials who formed partisan units.

Partisan Detachment

Otriad (Rus) Partisan detachment that varied in size.

Ziemlanka (Rus) Bunker in the forest, part of which was built underground.

Obawa (Rus) Raid.

  1. Razwiedka (Rus) Reconnaissance unit, patrol, scouts.
  2. Bambioshka (Rus) Partisan food mission.
    1. Legalshchyk (Rus) Peasant who supplied the partisans with information about the availability of food in his village.

Politruk (Rus) Person in a Russian partisan unit in charge of propaganda and political education.

Anti-Partisan Operations

Karlsbad (Ger) Code name against Soviet partisans operating in the area of the River Beresina on 14-26 October 1941. This marks the beginning of the partisan campaign against the invading Germans on which the Soviet high command placed increasing importance. They were particularly important in the Beresina sector as this cut the Moscow Highway running from Brest-Litovsk on the Polish frontier through Minsk to Smolensk, threatening the supply lines of the German Army Group Center.

Hamburg (Ger) Code name for a German operation against partisans operating in the region of Slonim near Baranovichi to the southwest of Minsk in December 1941. The activities of the partisans were as yet relatively small scale compared with what was to come.

  1. Altona (Ger) Code name for support operation to prevent Soviet partisans from escaping to the south, December 1941.
  2. Bielsky Brigade Partisan unit of about 300-strong led by Alexander Bielski (1912-1995) that operated in the Naliboki forest around the village of Stankiewicze, near Novogrudok (Nowogródek) west of Minsk in Byelorussia from 1941 to 1945. They waged a non-stop guerrilla war and rescued many Jews.
  3. Zaubeflöte (Ger, = magic flute) Code name for German operation against partisans in the area of Minsk, 17-24 April 1943.

Sumpffieber (Ger, = malaria) Code name for German operation against partisans in the region of Ossipovichi, 9 February-9 March 1942.

  1. Erntefest I (Ger, = harvest home I) Code name for German operation against partisan forces to the west of Ossipovichi on 18-27 January 1943.
  2. Erntefest II (Ger, = harvest home II) Code name for German operation against partisans to the west of the Minsk-Slutsk road on 28 January to 9 February 1943.

Vogelsang (Ger, = birdsong) Code name for operation undertaken by the German 2nd Panzerarmee against partisans operating in the region of Bryansk Forest, April-July 1942.

  1. Grünspecht (Ger, = green woodpecker) Code name for German offensive by the 2nd Panzerarmee against partisans operating in the area south of Bryansk in the summer of 1942.
  2. Eisbär (Ger, = polar bear) Series of three offensives against partisans operating in the region of Bryansk Forest, who were disrupting the buildup of Generaloberst Walter Model’s 9th Army in preparation for Zitadelle, January-February 1943.
  3. Klette (Ger, = burdock) Code name for two offensives by German ground forces against partisans operating in the area of Kletnya and Mamayevka, southwest of Bryansk, January-February 1943.
  4. Zigeunerbaron (Ger, = gypsy baron) Code name for an undertaking by Army Group Center against partisans operating near Bryansk because it was threatening the army group’s rear-area security and lines of communication, May 1943.
  5. Freischütz (Ger, = marksman) Code name for an undertaking by Army Group Center against partisans operating in an area north of Bryansk in May-June 1943.

Sumpfblüte (Ger, = swamp flower) Code name for German operation against Soviet partisans in the region of Dorogobuzh, 6-18 July 1942.

Griff (Ger, = griffon) Code name for a German operation against partisans operating in the area of Orsha and Vitebsk and threatening the line along the Moscow Highway, 14-20 August 1942.

  1. Kugelblitz (Ger, = ball lightning) Code name for Third Panzer Army operations against partisan center near Vitebsk, February 1943.
  2. Waldwinter Ger, = forest winter) Code name for German operation against partisans operating in the region between Trudy and Obol to the northwest of Vitebsk in March 1943.
  3. Maigewitter (Ger, = May storm) Code name for a German operation against partisans operating in the region of Vitebsk, May 1943.
  4. Schnepfe (Ger, = snipe) and (Wildente, Ger, = wild duck) Code names for German double operation against partisans operating from the marshes north of Vitebsk, 1-7 November 1943.

Nordsee (Ger, = North Sea) Code name for German operation against partisans in the region of Mogilev on the River Dnieper, threatening the German’s eastern line of communications, 2-5 September 1942.

Nürnberg (Ger, = Nuremberg) Code name for a German operation against partisans operating in the region to the east of Lake Bonin, December 1942.

München (Ger, = Munich) Code name for German operation against partisans operating in the region of Radoshkovichi, December 1942.

Franz (Ger) Code name for a German operation against partisans operating in the area of Pirurov-Most and Kolejna on 7-11 January 1943.

Sternenlauf (Ger, = star track) Code name for German operation against partisans operating west of Dubrovno on the main rail and road link towards Moscow, 23 January-12 February 1943.

Winterzauber (Ger, = winter magic) Name for German operation against partisans operating in Lithuania, January-February 1943.

Istrien (Ger, = Istria) Code name for German forces against partisans operating in the rear areas of Army Group ‘B’ in January and February 1943.

Schneehase (Ger, = alpine hare) Code name for German forces against partisans operating in the region of Polotsk, February 1943.

Ursula (Ger) Code name for a German operation against partisans operating in the region of Rogachev, 12-15 February 1943.

Donnerkeil (Ger, = thunderbolt) Code name for a German operation against partisans between Trudy and the River Obol, 21 March-2 April 1943.

Panther (Ger) Code name for German operation against partisans operating in the region of Generalfeldmarschall Erich von Manstein’s Army Group South, April 1943.

Draufgänger I (Ger, = daredevil I) Code name for German operation northwest Russia against partisans in the Borisov-Lepel area in support of operation Kottbus, 26 April-10 May 1943.

  1. Draufgänger II (Ger, = daredevil II) Code name for German operation against partisans in the Borisov-Lepel area, 26 April-10 May 1943.
  2. Kottbus (Ger) Code name for German operation against partisans operating in the Polotsk-Borisov-Lepel region, 3-23 June 1943.

Nachbarhilfe (Ger, = neighborly help) Code name for two German operations against partisans operating in the region of Klemya who were disrupting the preparations for Zitadelle, May-June 1943.

Spätlese (Ger, = late vintage) Code name for German operation against partisans operating in the region north of Smolensk, 18 September 1942.

  1. Regate (Ger, = regatta) Code name for German operation against partisans in the region south of Gorki in Byelorussia, to the southwest of Smolensk, 3-8 October 1942.
  2. Seydlitz (Ger) Code name for German operation against partisans operating in the region of Dorogobuzh lying on the upper reaches of the River Dnieper between Smolensk and Vyazma, 25 June-27 July 1943.

Gunther (Ger) Code name for German operation against partisans operating in the area of Manily, 2-7 July 1943.

Hermann (Ger) Code name for German operation against partisans operating in the forest of Naliboka, 15 July -15 August 1943.

Jakob (Ger) Code name for a German operation against partisans operating in the area north of Usda, 8-12 September 1943.

Heinrich (Ger) Code name for large anti-partisan operation west of Nevel, near the Latvian border, November 1943.

Ziethen (Ger) Code name for German 16th Army operation against partisans, 1943.

Wilde Sau (Ger, = wild sow) Code name for German operation by the 2nd Panzerarmee against partisans, 1943.

Hasenjagd (Ger, = hare chase) Code name for German operation against partisans operating out of the Pripet Marshes in the region of Dobruzh near Gomel, 6-15 February 1943.

  1. Hornung (Old Ger, = February) Code name for a German operation against partisans operating in the region of the Pripet Marshes, 8-26 February 1943.
  2. Gizo (Ger) Code name for German operation against partisans operating just to the south of the Pripet Marshes, March 1943.
  3. Pöhn Code name for German operation against partisans operating in the area of the rail line between Brest-Litovsk and Pinsk, that lies on the edge of the Pripet Marshes, March 1943. This rail line was particularly important for the movement of materials in the build up for Zitadelle.
  4. Kormoran (Ger, = cormorant) Code name for a German operation against partisans operating in the region of the Novi Borisov-Minsk railway on 22 May to 20 June 1943. In this key area of Belorussia, substantial partisan forces could operate to good effect from safe havens just south of the Pripet Marshes.

Regenschauer (Ger, = rain shower) Code name for German operation against partisans operating in the region of Ushachi in Byelorussia to the south of Polotski in April 1944.

  1. Regenfass (Ger, = water butt) Code name for companion offensive to Regenschauer.
  2. Frühlingsfest (Ger, = spring feast) Code name for German operation against partisans operating in the area of Lepel in support of Operation Regenschauer, 16 April-10 May 1944.
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